Macular Degeneration is a progressive eye disease, typically seen in older people, distinguished by gradual vision loss in the central part of the visual field. It’s the primary cause of serious vision loss in individuals 60 years of age or older. Because the condition continues to develop, as a person grows old, it’s commonly known as AMD (Age-Related Macular Degeneration). Even though the disease is virtually never a complete and absolute blinding disorder, it can, however, be an important source of visual impairment. Dr. David O’Day, M.D. and his team of experts can diagnose and treat Macular Degeneration using the most advanced tools and techniques available today.

Types of Age Related Macular Degeneration

Dry Form: The dry form of AMD is characterized by the existence of yellowish deposits known as “drusen” in the macula. A few tiny drusen may not produce noticeable changes in a person’s vision. But, if they keep growing in size and proliferating, they could result in a distortion or dimming of vision that individuals notice the most when they try to read. Most people with AMD have the dry form and generally lose some part of their central vision. But, the dry form can also eventually lead to the wet form.

Wet Form: The wet form of AMD is characterized by the development irregular blood vessels from the choroid just beneath the macula. This is referred to as Choroidal Neovascularization. These particular blood vessels tend to leak fluid and blood into the retina producing distorted vision that makes straight lines appear wavy. Other aspects include blind spots and central vision loss and may lead to a complete loss of central vision in someone. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, contact Charleston Cornea & Refractive Surgery as soon as possible.

Risk Factors

AMD is more widespread in the elderly. In fact, it’s the primary cause of a serious loss of vision in people age 60 and over. AMD may have a hereditary aspect, which means it could possibly be passed along from generation to generation. If you have a family history of AMD, the risk goes up for developing the disease. Here are some other risk factors:

  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Being fair skinned
  • Female
  • Obesity
  • Light eye color


In the initial stages of AMD, no noticeable symptoms may be present until it affects both eyes. Usually, one of the first signs of AMD is a blurry, dim spot in the center of your line of vision. The spot may darken or grow bigger in size over time. Other symptoms include:


Presently, there isn’t any cure for AMD. However, treatment may work to prevent further vision loss or diminish the ongoing progression of the condition a great deal. Many available options include:

  • Photodynamic laser therapy
  • Anti-angiogenesis drugs
  • Laser therapy
  • Low vision aids
  • Vitamins

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed here and suspect you may have Macular Degeneration, contact our expert eye care team at Charleston Cornea & Refractive Surgery at one of three locations. The centers are conveniently located in Mount Pleasant, North Charleston, and Myrtle Beach SC. Call us at (843) 856-5275 for more information.